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52. This question
shall be considered at present with regard to one art only, to wit, that of painting; but some of the principles which I shall endeavour to illustrate will have a general tendency to establish a decision in all. In the first place, it is proper to mention the chief sources of the pleasure we receive in viewing pictures. One arises from the perception of imitation, however produced; a second, from the art displayed in producing such imitation; and a third, from the beauty, grace, agreeableness, and propriety of Burberry Outlet Online the object imitated. These may all occur in the imitation of one single object; but a much higher pleasure arises from several objects combined together in such a burberry sale manner, that while each of them singly affords the several sources of pleasure already mentioned, they all unite in burberry outlet producing one effect, one particular emotion in the spectator, and an impression much stronger than could have been raised by one object alone. These seem to be the chief sources of the pleasure we receive from pictures; and, with regard to the true and accurate perceptions of each, let us consider who is most likely to form them, the painter and connoisseur, or the unexperienced spectator. In viewing imitation, we are more or less pleased according the degree of exactness with which the object is expressed; and, supposing the object to be a common one, it might be imagined, that every person would be equally a judge of the exactness of the imitation; but, in truth, it is otherwise. Our recollection of an object does not depend upon any secret remembrance of the several parts of which it consists, of the exact position of these, or of the dimensions of the whole. A very inaccurate resemblance serves the purpose of memory, and will often pass with us for a true representation, even of the subjects that we fancy ourselves very well acquainted with. The self-applause of Zeuxis was not well founded when he valued himself on having painted grapes, that so far deceived the birds as to bring them to peck at his picture. Birds are no judges of an accurate resemblance, when they often mistake a scare-crow for a man. Nor had Parrhasius much reason to boast of his deceiving even Zeuxis, who, viewing it hastily, and from a distance, mistook the picture of a linen cloth for a real one. It always requires study to perceive the exactness of imitation; and most persons may find, by daily experience, that, when they . xxxi v. z would examine the accuracy of any representation, they can hardly do it properly, but by bringing together the picture and its archetype, so that they may quickly pass from the one to the other, and thereby compare the form, size, and proportions of all the different parts. Without such study of objects as the painter employs to imitate them, or the connoisseur employs in comparing them with their imitations, there is no person can be a judge of the exactness of the representation.



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